PORT OF YANGON
The Port of Yangon is the premier port of Myanmar and handled about 90 % of the country's exports and imports.
YANGON river ESTUARY & APPROACHES
The Port of Yangon is situated at Latitude 16. 47' N and Longitude 96. 15' E on the Yangon River and about 32 km inland from the Elephant Point on the Gulf of Martaban. All vessels calling to the Yangon Port, pilotage is compulsory if they are over 200 GRT. Navigation from the Pilot Station, which is further 32 km seaward from Elephant Point, to the Yangon harbour is generally on a flood tides and has to be timed to cross both Inner Bar and Outer Bar near high tide to ensure sufficient depths.
There are two restricted bars along the approached channel:-
(1) Inner Bar (near Yangon Port at Monkey Point)
(2) Outer Bar (at the mouth of the River)
The average tidal range is about 19.3 feet (5.85 m) at spring tide and 8.4 feet (2.55 m) at neap tide.
The velocity of the current at Yangon River is 4 to 6 knots at spring. Flood stream continues for about 1 hour 15 minutes after high water and Ebb current for about 30 minutes after low water.
Waves within the Yangon River do not hinder marine operations and even at the mouth of the river wave conditions are seldom rough with less than two metres wave-height.
The Yangon Port is accessible to vessels of 167 m LOA, 9m Draft, 15000 DWT and Thilawa Port is accessible up to vessels of 200 m LOA, 9m Draft, 20000 DWT.
Day shift 08:00 hours to 16:00 hours. Night shift 20:00 hours to 04:00 hours. Overtime works is available on request for periods between shift hours.
ISPS Code Implementation
Myanma Port Authority (MPA), has been implementing Port Security measures in its ports since July 1, 2004 to comply with the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) adopted by IMO in 2002.